By Carl J. Ekberg
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Extra resources for Francois Vallé and His World: Upper Louisiana before Lewis and Clark
26. No one in the Illinois Country ever owned large numbers of Indian slaves. On the 1752 census of the Illinois Country villages, for example, several families owned ﬁve Indian slaves, which was the largest number owned by anyone other than the Jesuit priests (HMLO 426). 27. Henceforth in this book, habitant will mean resident agriculturist, in counterdistinction to transient traders and the like. The erudite Judge Morris S. , The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610–1791 (Cleveland: Burrows Brothers, 1900), 69:144.
Concerning Joseph Vallé’s death, see Chapter 4. On Moses Austin, see chapter 8 of Hanley, “Lead Mining,” and David B. Gracy, “Moses Austin and the Development of the Missouri Lead Industry,” Gateway Heritage 1 (spring 1981): 42–48. Beginnings 25 returned to the two respective investors. Should disagreements arise in the partnership, each investor would select an arbiter and the two arbiters would resolve the dispute without adversely affecting the “good friendship” shared by the two men. The death of either principal during the duration of the partnership would mean that through a “donation pure and simple” the survivor would inherit all the joint assets.
Order of Command for Macarty,” 318. 14 François Vallé and His World well have been transient voyageurs or engagés, the latter being individuals employed under the terms of a labor contract (contrat d’engagement). Thus any of the ﬁfty voyageurs who were appended to the 1732 census and were still alive in 1752 likely would have appeared in the latter document as volontaires. As we shall see, François Vallé arrived in the Illinois Country as a volontaire, although by 1752 he had long since risen above this status.
Francois Vallé and His World: Upper Louisiana before Lewis and Clark by Carl J. Ekberg