By Yannis Haralambous
This reference is an interesting and whole advisor to utilizing fonts and typography on the net and throughout various working structures and alertness software program. Fonts & Encodings indicates you the way to take complete benefit of the outstanding variety of typographic concepts to be had, with complex fabric that covers every thing from designing glyphs to constructing software program that creates and techniques fonts. The period of ASCII characters on eco-friendly monitors is long past, and leaders similar to Apple, HP, IBM, Microsoft, and Oracle have followed the Unicode world wide personality typical. but, many software program functions and websites nonetheless use a bunch of criteria, together with PostScript, TrueType, TeX/Omega, SVG, Fontlab, FontForge, Metafont, Panose, and OpenType. This booklet explores every one choice intensive, and offers historical past at the back of the techniques that include modern-day "digital house for writing": half I introduces Unicode, with a short heritage of codes and encodings together with ASCII. know about the morass of the information that accompanies every one Unicode personality, and the way Unicode offers with normalization, the bidirectional set of rules, and the dealing with of East Asian characters. half II discusses font administration, together with install, instruments for activation/deactivation, and font offerings for 3 diversified platforms: home windows, the Mac OS, and the X Window procedure (Unix). half III offers with the technical use of fonts in particular instances: the TeX typesetting procedure (and its successor, W, which the writer co-developed) and websites. half IV describes equipment for classifying fonts: Vox, Alessandrini, and Panose-1, that's utilized by home windows and the CSS usual. know about present instruments for developing (or modifying)fonts, together with FontLab and FontForge, and familiarize yourself with OpenType houses and AAT fonts. Nowhere else will you discover the dear technical info on fonts and typography that software program builders, internet builders, and image artists want to know to get typography and fonts to paintings properly.>
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Extra info for Fonts and Encodings: From Unicode to Advanced Typography
To select an object, you left click on one of its markers; these are the small outlined markers at the corners of the box, the ends of the arrow, and the base points of the text objects. The small filled markers at the vertices of the polyline on the left indicate an already selected object. When you click into the figure to select an object in one of the edit modes, the editor internally calculates the distance between the mouse-click position and the positions of all object markers, and the object with the smallest distance is used.
Circle ellipse While the editor provides separate drawing commands to create circles and ellipses, these are internally represented as the same object type (namely ellipse). You can deform a circle into an ellipse via a move point or scale operation, and vice versa. On the other hand, arc objects are always based on circular arcs. rectangle The rectangle and round rectangle objects, also called box in xfig, are a separate type of object, different from polygons. The orientation of a rectangle is always axis-parallel, so that rotation is only possible in multiples of 90 degrees.
1 code. Fixing the rubberbanding for the general case would take some time, and is not warranted given that rotated ellipse objects are only rarely used. It is sometimes better to first create the ellipse with θ = 0 and then rotate it to the required orientation using the rotate command. The orientation angle of an ellipse object can be set via the corresponding control on the attribute panel; this is the rightmost button of the ellipse attribute controls. Note that the default value is zero (θ = 0); use middle and right mouse clicks on the button to increase or decreate the rotation angle in multiples of 15 degrees or select the value numerically via a left click.
Fonts and Encodings: From Unicode to Advanced Typography by Yannis Haralambous