By Chris Perry, Kevin Taylor
Environmental Sedimentology presents a entire creation to this speedily increasing box which addresses the functioning and dynamics of latest sediment platforms and the way those structures reply to quite a number either ordinary and anthropogenically-induced disturbance occasions. considers a variety of sedimentary environments; mountain and upland, fluvial, lacustrine, arid, city, deltaic and estuarine, temperate coastal, tropical coastal, and continental shelf points of sediment administration and remediation also are regarded as are the aptitude affects of on-going and destiny climatic and environmental swap Readership: complicated point undergraduates in earth technology, environmental technology and actual geography, and graduate scholars within the earth and environmental sciences with an curiosity in modern sediment structures
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2003). 5 Mountain environments are sensitive to disturbance both from climate change and anthropogenic impacts (Ives & Messerli 1989). 6 The incidence of geomorphological hazards tends to be high in mountainous, high-energy environments where narrow valley floors are juxtaposed with steep unstable side slopes. Infrastructure and population are always at risk and this risk increases as expansion of roads and settlements continue. These issues are often greatest in mountainous terrain where population and infrastructure have developed along upland river valleys.
The result is often a fundamental change in the character and extent of intertidal land, and a suppression of an estuary’s ability to respond to changes in nearshore energy regimes or sea-level state. Urbanization also has major impacts upon the hydrology of catchments and river basins, which in turn influences the nature of sediment movement and accumulation (see Chapter 6). The increase in runoff rate in urban systems leads to enhanced flooding pressures in river systems, and this is often exacerbated by the past removal of floodplains and river culverting, which inhibits the accumulation of sediment.
This is believed to reflect the strong seasonal control that exists on river flow, with around 80% of fluvial discharge and 95% of sediment load delivered over the 4 month summer monsoon period. As a result, the system is highly susceptible to changes in atmospheric circulation patterns and, in particular, any change in the strength of the summer monsoon. This has altered several times over the past 150 kyr, resulting in changes in rates and patterns of fluvial sediment production, erosion, transport and accumulation, and is manifested by shifts from periods of upstream erosion and entrenchment, to periods of sediment accumulation on the delta plain and within the Bengal Basin.
Environmental Sedimentology by Chris Perry, Kevin Taylor