Read e-book online Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from PDF

By Christopher I. Beckwith

ISBN-10: 0691135894

ISBN-13: 9780691135892

The 1st entire historical past of significant Eurasia from precedent days to the current day, Empires of the Silk street represents a primary rethinking of the origins, historical past, and value of this significant international sector. Christopher Beckwith describes the increase and fall of the nice crucial Eurasian empires, together with these of the Scythians, Attila the Hun, the Turks and Tibetans, and Genghis Khan and the Mongols. moreover, he explains why the heartland of important Eurasia led the area economically, scientifically, and artistically for plenty of centuries regardless of invasions by means of Persians, Greeks, Arabs, chinese language, and others. In retelling the tale of the outdated international from the point of view of imperative Eurasia, Beckwith offers a brand new realizing of the inner and exterior dynamics of the principal Eurasian states and indicates how their humans time and again revolutionized Eurasian civilization.
Beckwith recounts the Indo-Europeans migration out of principal Eurasia, their combination with neighborhood peoples, and the ensuing improvement of the Graeco-Roman, Persian, Indian, and chinese language civilizations he info the foundation for the thriving economic climate of premodern primary Eurasia, the economys disintegration following the areas partition by means of the chinese language and Russians within the eighteenth and 19th centuries, and the dangerous of critical Eurasian tradition by means of Modernism and he discusses the importance for global background of the partial reemergence of crucial Eurasian international locations after the cave in of the Soviet Union.

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Extra info for Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present

Sample text

The K’un-mu won many victories for the Hsiung-nu. At that time the *Tokwar, who had been defeated by the Hsiung-nu, had moved west and attacked the Sakas. The Sakas in turn moved away, far to the south, and the *Tokwar occupied their territory. The K’un-mu had become strong and asked the Hsiung-nu king for permission to avenge his father. 23 The *Tokwar fled further west and south, into the territory of Bactria. The K’un-mu settled his people in the former Saka lands vacated by the defeated *Tokwar, and his army became still stronger.

49 On the question of the existence of a Sasanid comitatus, see endnote 19. 50 The Greek sources refer to the members of Attila’s comitatus as λογάδες (logades) ‘picked men’, who are also sometimes called ἐπιτήδειοι ‘close associates’ (Thompson 1996: 108, 179). It was the job of the λογάδες to “guard Attila’s person, and each of them accompanied his master in arms for a specified part of the day, a fact which gave them ready access to his person and conversation. Although they regarded this task as δουλεία ‘slavery’, they were capable of the greatest loyalty in carry ing it out.

As originally constituted, the guard consisted of a day watch (turgha’ud) of seventy men, a night watch (kebte’üd) of eighty, and a detachment of braves (ba’aturs) numbering one thousand. The kesig . . was recruited from his nökers72 . . guardsmen (késigden) served simultaneously as protectors of the khan’s person and as domestics who tended his private needs and looked after his possessions. In this latter capacity, késigden held appointments as chamberlains (cherbi), stewards (ba’urchi), quiver bearers (khorchi), doorkeepers (e’ütenchi), and grooms (aghtachi).

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Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present by Christopher I. Beckwith

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