By Jack M. Treadway
The such a lot complete kingdom election learn ever undertaken, Elections in Pennsylvania provides info and research for greater than 13,000 basic elections and greater than 6,000 basic elections held within the kingdom among 1900 and 1998, with a postscript studying in much less aspect the elections of 2000 and 2002. integrated are all elections for president, governor, U.S. senators and representatives, statewide workplaces, and participants of the overall meeting. The vast time period lined permits the writer to supply a big historic standpoint on electoral traits, distinguishing what are surely new advancements in electoral dynamics and vote casting habit in contemporary a long time from what are continuations of styles past within the century.
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Extra info for Elections in Pennsylvania: A Century of Partisan Conflict in the Keystone State
These “leaners” tend to behave like weak partisans; in some cases they even show more partisan loyalty than 04 Tread ch2, p 24-49 9/21/05 7:39 PM Page 31 Allan S Johnson G4 130g:Pxt jobs archive:#3497 P a century of electors ★ 31 weak identiﬁers do (Keith et al. 1992). These counties may have larger concentrations than other counties of voters who identify themselves as independents but who conduct themselves as partisans. However, this does little to explain the propensity of voters in these counties to identify with other than the Republican or Democratic Party.
Included among his political indicators are three measures of party registration. Lieske reported that Elazar’s classiﬁcation does signiﬁcantly better in accounting for Democratic and independent registration (906). 04 Tread ch2, p 24-49 9/21/05 7:39 PM Page 33 Allan S Johnson G4 130g:Pxt jobs archive:#3497 P a century of electors ★ 33 Additional research is required before more deﬁnite conclusions can be offered regarding the relationship between political culture and political independence. For example, in the case of the IM and MI subcultures, what are the relative contributions of the individualistic and moralistic political cultures?
Total independents includes the pure independents plus the independents who lean toward the Republicans or Democrats. Pure independents are individuals who profess no partisan afﬁliation at all. 1. The Election Bureau in the Secretary of State’s Ofﬁce has registration ﬁgures dating back only to 1925. 9 Source: Figures calculated by the author from data in The Pennsylvania Manual and Statistical Abstract of the United States, selected volumes. 2 Independents among the American electorate, 1952–1998 (percentage) Year Total independents Pure independents Year Total independents Pure independents 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 23 22 23 19 23 21 23 28 30 31 34 37 06 07 09 07 10 08 08 12 11 13 13 15 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 37 38 34 30 34 33 36 35 39 35 34 35 15 14 13 11 11 12 11 11 12 10 09 10 Source: Adapted by the author from National Election Study data presented in Harold W.
Elections in Pennsylvania: A Century of Partisan Conflict in the Keystone State by Jack M. Treadway