By Neville Ash, Hernán Blanco, Keisha Garcia, Thomas Tomich, Bhaskar Vira, Monika Zurek, Claire Brown
Designed through a partnership of UN organisations, overseas clinical corporations, and improvement companies, the Millennium surroundings evaluation (MA) is the main large examine ever of the linkages among the world’s ecosystems and human overall healthiness. The objective of the MA is to set up the medical foundation for activities had to improve the contribution of ecosystems to human wellbeing and fitness with out undermining their long term productiveness. With contributions by way of greater than 500 scientists from 70 international locations, the MA has confirmed to be essentially the most vital conservation projects ever undertaken, and the surroundings providers paradigm on which it truly is established offers the traditional for perform. This guide offers the explicit instruments that practitioners of the paradigm want so as to expand their paintings into the future. The handbook is a stand-alone “how to” advisor to engaging in exams of the affects on people of environment adjustments. moreover, overview practitioners who're trying to find information on specific features of the overview procedure will locate person chapters of this guide to be important in advancing their figuring out of top practices in environment evaluate. The guide builds at the stories and classes discovered from the Millennium environment evaluation international and sub-global evaluation tasks, with chapters written through recognized individuals in these projects. it's also insights and studies received from a much broader variety of atmosphere service-focused evaluation actions because the crowning glory of the MA in 2005.
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Extra resources for Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Manual for Assessment Practitioners
Establish the governance and institutional structure: technical executive group, advisory board, contracts and memoranda of understanding between participants and funding agencies. 6. Communicate the objectives, agenda, and opportunities for involvement to the stakeholders through Internet, newsletters, and presentations. 7. Assemble an initial assessment team based on competence in the topic areas selected, experience in the geographical area, availability to participate, and credibility with stakeholders.
The scale of the assessment will also influence the analytical units used for assessment and communication. In many cases there will be a geographic mismatch between the most appropriate units for assessment of ecosystems and their services (which depend on biophysical data and boundaries) and those for assessment of human well-being (which depend on sociopolitical and economic data and boundaries). See Chapter 4 for a further discussion on scale and units of analysis. It is essential that an assessment (and thus the methods and data it uses) is at a scale that matches that of the biological and physical processes generating the ecosystem services being assessed and also at a scale relevant for the decision-making processes of the target audience.
Capacity building within an assessment has two objectives: to enhance the expertise of individual scientists to carry out ecosystem assessments and to enhance institutional expertise, particularly the science–policy interface, for effective adoption and use of the assessment findings. Assessments may also provide important capacity-building opportunities through improving research capacities of universities and other research and training institutions, establishing baseline data for further assessments in the future, fostering an appreciation for scientific knowledge on the part of decision makers, and establishing or strengthening regional networks of experts.
Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Manual for Assessment Practitioners by Neville Ash, Hernán Blanco, Keisha Garcia, Thomas Tomich, Bhaskar Vira, Monika Zurek, Claire Brown