By Michael Szenberg, L. Ramrattan
Economics for Alfred Marshall, the final of the classical economists, is anxious with actions within the traditional enterprise of existence. In that milieu, we discover conflicts and chaotic habit between humans, agencies, and nations, which lead them to behavior their affairs in several, and infrequently, ironic methods. monetary Ironies all through heritage explores, explains, predicts, and harnesses those ironies for economists and students alike. Szenberg and Ramrattan distill their middle monetary ironies from an unlimited historical past of philosophy and literature that applies to fiscal concept. They contain philosophical, mental, literary and linguistic discussions and the personalities at the back of these rules akin to Socrates, Kierkegaard, Hume, Freud, Jung, Saussure, and Barthes. This publication is perfect for economists in addition to students around the enterprise, social technology, and arts fields.
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Additional info for Economic Ironies Throughout History: Applied Philosophical Insights for Modern Life
For instance, “Foucault views the Structuralist movement ironically, as the last phase of a development in the human sciences which began in the sixteenth century, when Western thought fell prey to the illusion that ‘the order of things’ could be adequately represented in an ‘order of words, if only 26 Economic Ironies Throughout History the right order of words could be found’” (White 1973, 24). In that view, the ‘transitions’ which mark the beginnings and ends of the epochs are not ‘transformations’ of an enduring ‘subject,’ but rather ‘ruptures’ in Western consciousness, disjunctions or discontinuities so extreme that they effectively isolate the epochs from one another.
Irony resides in these gaps—for instance, between what is said and the situation described (Giora 2011, 20–21). This allows one to take a scientific approach to irony. For instance, Rachel Giora tested eight hypotheses on three views: direct access view, where strong contextual support is activated immediately; exclusively pragmatic model, where literal interpretation is activated first; and a graded salience hypothesis, where meaning coded and held foremost in our mind cannot be blocked. The test involved a text given to participants who were cued for ironic and non-ironic interpretations.
Now we are beginning to see that irony has a pluralistic form, where speech interacts with context and situations. A new core paradoxical view is now being developed. Paul Simpson has recently drawn on pragmatics of linguistic philosophy to synthesize production and reception of ironies for social and cultural phenomena (Simpson 2011, 33). His survey of irony in that regard brings out a conceptual paradox. He considers binaries about assertion and meaning and between encyclopedic knowledge and situational context as sub-definitions.
Economic Ironies Throughout History: Applied Philosophical Insights for Modern Life by Michael Szenberg, L. Ramrattan