By Friedrich A. Kittler
It is a hugely unique booklet in regards to the connections among historic second, social constitution, know-how, conversation structures, and what's acknowledged and notion utilizing those platforms - significantly literature. the writer makes a speciality of the diversities among 'discourse networks' in 1800 and in 1900, within the method constructing a brand new research of the shift from romanticism to modernism. The paintings can be categorized as a German reminiscent of the hot Historicism that's at present of significant curiosity between American literary students, either within the highbrow impacts to which Kittler responds and in his situation to floor literature within the such a lot concrete information of ancient fact. The crafty constitution of the ebook starts with Goethe's Faust and ends with Valery's Faust. within the 1800 part, the writer discusses how language used to be realized, the emergence of the fashionable college, the linked starting of the translation of up to date literature, and the canonization of literature. one of the writers and works Kittler analyzes as well as Goethe's Faust are Schlegel, Hegel, E. T. A. Hoffman's 'The Golden Pot', and Goethe's Tasso. The 1900 part argues that the hot discourse community during which literature is located within the glossy interval is characterised by means of new technological media - movie, the picture, and the typewritten web page - and the challenge that those prompted for literary creation. alongside the way in which, the writer discusses the paintings of Nietzsche, Gertrude Stein, Mallarme, Bram Stroker, the Surrealists, Rilke, Kafka, and Freud, between others.<
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Extra resources for Discourse Networks 1800/1900
A speaking mouth and many, many ears, with half as many writing hands: that is the external apparatus of the academy; set in motion, that is the educational machinery of the university. 29 Faust’s free translation is clearly a special instance of state-permitted academic freedom. The two licenses— for the student to hear more or less what he wants and for the professor to say more or less what he wants— come together to produce the Faustian scene of writing. 30 As professors say more or less what they want, so Faust does not read what is written but what should be written.
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20Thus an oscillation comes into being between poetry and thought, which do not join together in complete unity because the two discourses are not even close to being able to write down the points where they cross one another. Faust’s A ct is the fleeting act of writing itself. To write “ In the Begin ning was the Act” truly marks the end. First, the translation comes to an end because it has at last found the beginning itself. Second, the transla tion comes to the conclusion that the sought-after transcendental sig nified of logos lies in the search itself.
Discourse Networks 1800/1900 by Friedrich A. Kittler