By Valerie J. Bunce, Sharon L. Wolchik
From 1998 to 2005, six elections happened in postcommunist Europe and Eurasia that had the striking final result of empowering the competition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their unique successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik examine those unforeseen electoral breakthroughs - with each other and with elections that had the extra ordinary results of conserving authoritarian rule. They draw 3 conclusions. First, the competition used to be effective as a result tough and inventive paintings of a transnational community composed of neighborhood competition and civil society teams, individuals of the overseas democracy information neighborhood, and graduates of winning electoral demanding situations to authoritarian rule in different nations. moment, the striking run of those dissatisfied elections mirrored the facility of this community to diffuse an ensemble of leading edge electoral recommendations throughout country obstacles. eventually, elections can function a strong mechanism for democratic switch. this can be specially the case while civil society is robust, the move of political strength is thru constitutional ability, and competition leaders win with small mandates.
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Extra resources for Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries
Finally, especially in elections viewed as critical turning points, campaigns typically engage not just political parties but also civil society organizations, the former focused on winning power and the latter on getting key issues onto the agenda. 41 The claim here is that if elections lead to the defeat of dictatorships and shape subsequent regime trajectories, then they should be added to the familiar list of approaches to democratic transition that typically includes pacting among Sidney G.
In Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action, ed. Mario Breakthrough Elections 19 It is surprising that students of diffusion have had so little to say about the what, how, and why questions associated with the cross-national spread of democratic change. 47 Thus, analysts are often too removed from the dynamics on the ground to identify the processes and the people involved. While the lack of sustained attention to these issues is a good reason to put such questions on the agenda for future work, it also has a more immediate cost.
Scores are taken from the year prior to the pivotal election. In cases where there were multiple pivotal elections, the scores from the first elections are used. 5. Higher scores correspond to better governance. In cases where there were multiple pivotal elections, the scores from the first elections are used. For Presidential Power scores, higher scores represent higher levels of presidential power. In cases where there were multiple pivotal elections, the scores from the first elections are used.
Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries by Valerie J. Bunce, Sharon L. Wolchik