By Donna Jeanne Haraway
Acclaimed theorist and social scientist Donna Jeanne Haraway makes use of the paintings of pioneering developmental biologists Ross G. Harrison, Joseph Needham, and Paul Weiss as a springboard for a dialogue a couple of shift in developmental biology from a vitalism-mechanism framework to organicism. The e-book deftly interweaves Thomas Kuhn’s proposal of paradigm turn into this wide-ranging research, emphasizing the function of version, analogy, and metaphor within the paradigm and arguing that any really invaluable theoretical procedure in biology should have a significant metaphor.
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Additional info for Crystals, Fabrics, and Fields: Metaphors That Shape Embryos
E. g. " In another section of the paper he discusses similar experiments on a beast with eyes and muscles and the power of move ment in response to light. In no place in the paper from the speech or its illustrations is the animal identified even as to phylum. The point to be made is similar to the famous one made by W p itehead in referen(:e to mechanistic physics. To consider simple location as the fundamental reality is not "wrong,'" it is a case of misplaced concreteness. Loeb expresses the tremendous abstract nature of his creed; the paradigm of progressive concretization oft he conception� ofanima!
Descartes clearly provided for a transcendent principle to plan and service his machine. His dualism was complete, and his mechanic was as necessary logically as his animal-machine. (Descartes 1 955). 15 No argu ments of logic would banish the vitalists, because the issue was essen tially not a logical one. The metaphor and its rationale led to a vitalism as surely as it led to a mechanism. The mechanists continually embar rassed the vitalisls by solving difficult puzzles on mechanical principles, and the attitudes of the vitalists often enough made their suspect status well earned.
F. A. 22 As Kuhn noted, a crisis i n a paradigm could not lead to abandonment of the paradigm until an alternative was available. Biology could not seriously explore an organicism in response to its own crises until its relation to physics was changed. 24 "In fact, the relations of the S<"iences is that ofa multidi mcnsional network with nos� relations, a' illustrated by geology and biophysics. One can sec a general decrease in complexity a� one passes from geology or biology to physics, though the complexity is not of the same kind in all the complex sciences.
Crystals, Fabrics, and Fields: Metaphors That Shape Embryos by Donna Jeanne Haraway