Download e-book for iPad: Cost-Value Analysis in Health Care: Making Sense out of by Erik Nord

By Erik Nord

ISBN-10: 0521643082

ISBN-13: 9780521643085

This booklet is a accomplished and entirely updated account of what it potential to aim to quantify overall healthiness in dispensing assets for overall healthiness care. It bargains a sublime new method of evaluating the prices and merits of clinical interventions. Erik Nord questions Cost-Utility research (CUA) and the feasibility of measuring sufferers' caliber of lifestyles meaningfully in numerical phrases. He provides another strategy known as cost-value research within which consultant samples of most of the people exhibit personal tastes between diverse health-care courses. this may be a booklet of specific curiosity to scientific ethicists, health-care pros and directors, and economists focusing on health-care economics.

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Extra info for Cost-Value Analysis in Health Care: Making Sense out of QALYS

Example text

In terms of QALYs gained, C scores better than B. However, it may be seen as unfair to hold against patients in group B that they happen to have a lesser degree of treatability than group C. Their potential for health improvement is still 28 Concerns for Fairness substantial and important to themselves, and they are just as ill as the patients in group C. Medical ethicists have addressed an analogous problem - referred to as "the fair chances/best outcomes problem" - in so-called microrationing, that is, rationing at the individual level, for instance in the allocation of scarce organs for transplantation (Daniels 1985; Brock 1988; Kamm 1989; Menzel 1990).

Harris argues strongly against such discrimination, while Daniels, when reviewing the ethical debate in the literature, concludes that in neither of the above contexts is it clear what would be a fair allocation rule. He reaches this conclusion even after considering arguments invoking people's self-interest behind a veil of ignorance. " Altogether, though ambiguities exist, ethical reflection seems to suggest that society may not want to discriminate as strongly against those with a lesser potential as pure QALY maximization would suggest.

Only 11 percent placed the main emphasis on the size of the treatment effect (option 1). Thirty-eight percent chose the second option (main emphasis on severity), while 45 percent chose the third view (divide evenly). Note that even this last option represents a rejection of simple QALY maximization. , using 479 subjects selected for jury duty in Philadel32 Concerns for Fairness phia (9, 26, and 64 percent for options 1-3 respectively). However, he also found that the responses were sensitive to the wording of the response options.

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Cost-Value Analysis in Health Care: Making Sense out of QALYS by Erik Nord

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