By Stephen J. Warburton, Warren W. Burggren, Bernd Pelster, Carl L. Reiber, John Spicer
Comparative developmental body structure is a growing to be self-discipline interpreting a variety of organisms as they remodel from unmarried cells to mature, reproductive contributors. This number of unique, cutting edge essays emerged from a Roundtable on Comparative Developmental body structure held in Glen Rose, Texas in the summertime of 2002. This assembly introduced jointly investigators learning the body structure of constructing animals so one can establish the field's strength contributions to biology. The contributors honed in on universal rising issues and destiny pursuits, that are mirrored within the chapters inside. The nascent group of comparative developmental physiologists was once challenged to magnify the facility of information assortment and power improvement by means of targeting a number of choose version organisms, whereas nonetheless applying the ability of the wider, extra conventional comparative method. Evolution has supplied comparative developmental physiologists with amazing organic variety, which they've got used to enquire a huge diversity of questions severe for figuring out how existence works. This is going past the elemental nuts and bolts of mobile mechanisms to the practical complete, from the mechanistic point to behaviour inside and among organisms. The union of developmental biology with the breadth of comparative body structure holds a lot promise for a deeper figuring out of evolutionary tactics.
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Extra resources for Comparative Developmental Physiology: Contributions, Tools, and Trends
Scale bar = 2 µm. (Reproduced from Sullivan et al. ) 3. It is possible to assess the subcellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for the actions. Many important questions in evolutionary developmental physiology concern the molecular mechanisms of control and how they are affected by exogenous and endogenous factors to induce developmental plasticity. For example, it is important to understand when and how transduction mechanisms become functional such that cell surface receptors for key regulatory neurotransmitters or hormones are produced.
Alterations in composition and function of surfactant associated with torpor in Sminthopsis crassicaudata. American Journal of Physiology, 271, R437–45. Mescher AL (1996). The cellular basis of limb regeneration in urodeles. International Journal of Developmental Biology, 40, 785–95. Orgeig S and Daniels CB (1995). The evolutionary significance of pulmonary surfactant in lungfish (Dipnoi). American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, 13, 161–66. Orgeig S and Daniels CB (2001). The roles of cholesterol in pulmonary surfactant: insights from comparative and evolutionary studies.
Phase-enhanced x-ray imaging has been used to study a wide variety of samples, including sandpiles (Seeley et al. , 2003), automobile fuel injectors (Lee et al. 2001), and insect physiology (Westneat et al. 2003). Phase-enhanced x-ray imaging is based on the fact that the small x-ray source size and the relatively large distances from the source produce an x-ray beam that is partially coherent, allowing diffraction, edge enhancement, and impressive image quality (Cloetens et al. 1996). By using an x-ray scintillator, x-rays can be converted to visible light allowing images to be captured with a CCD video camera.
Comparative Developmental Physiology: Contributions, Tools, and Trends by Stephen J. Warburton, Warren W. Burggren, Bernd Pelster, Carl L. Reiber, John Spicer