By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy Committee on Coal Research
Coal will proceed to supply a big component of strength specifications within the usa for a minimum of the subsequent numerous many years. it really is central that actual info describing the volume, place, and caliber of the coal assets and reserves be on hand to satisfy strength wishes. it's also vital that the U.S. extract its coal assets successfully, effectively, and in an environmentally in charge demeanour. A renewed specialize in federal help for coal-related study, coordinated throughout enterprises and with the lively participation of the states and commercial area, is a serious aspect for every of those specifications. "Coal" specializes in the examine and improvement wishes and priorities within the components of coal source and reserve checks, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal items, and coal usage.
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Extra resources for Coal: Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy
Also shown is a “business-as-usual” reference case, which uses the EIA’s base case energy prices but does not impose any CO2 emissions control policy (CP0FP1). 5 show that the lower CO2 allowance prices (up to about $25 per tonne of CO2) result in reduced CO2 emissions, as well as decreased use of coal, relative to the base case, as in the EIA cap-and-trade scenarios shown earlier. However, for higher natural gas prices (FP2 cases), coal use actually exceeds the reference case value, even with higher carbon prices.
Moreover, they indicated that R&D aspects of coal utilization technologies have already been assessed by a range of National Research Council reviews and requested that this study focus primarily on R&D related to all other (“upstream”) aspects of the coal fuel cycle. For this reason, the current report presents only a brief overview of coal utilization technologies and related R&D programs. While the committee identifies and highlights a number of critical issues related to coal utilization—in particular, the impact on coal use of government policies regarding climate change and greenhouse gas emissions—it does not evaluate or consider in detail the related R&D programs such as research on carbon capture and sequestration technologies.
2 are in 2004 dollars. 92 in 2004 dollars shown in the table). The safety valves are assumed to increase by 5 percent annually in nominal dollars from 2010 through 2030. SOURCE: EIA (2006e). Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. S. S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the next several decades. These cases explore different levels of reduction in GHG intensity (defined as GHG emissions per unit of gross domestic product), beginning with the level proposed by the National Commission on Energy Policy (NCEP, 2004).
Coal: Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy Committee on Coal Research