By Ligang Song, Ross Garnaut, Stoyan Tenev, Yang Yeo
China's possession Transformation presents a systemic account of firm reforms in China contribution to the outstanding transition of the financial system, during just a decade or so, from whole reliance on state-owned and collective organisations to a combined economic climate the place deepest company performs a number one position.
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Extra resources for China’s Ownership Transformation: Process, Outcomes, Prospects
SOURCES: National Bureau of Statistics of China, China’s Statistical Yearbook: 2002; authors’ estimates. INTRODUCTION The official unemployment rates (the share of registered unemployment in the total workforce) in these cities were lower than the xiagang rates. Unemployment is undesirable for both workers and the government, because it severs the links workers had to the old danwei (work unit) and often leads to social unrest. Most unemployed workers are therefore classified as xiagang and placed in a reemployment center (see chapter 4 for details).
It is possible that many of these workers have found other jobs but continue to register as xiagang or as unemployed in order to obtain benefits. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. There are no consistent data for state share of employment for all the cities. The table reports three sets of data for the figure. One is the state share in total urban employment. Harbin, Hengyang, Lanzhou, and Weifang use this definition. The second is the state share in all wage employees. Fushun, Huangshi, Tangshan, and Xining use this definition.
Market Liberalization Hypothesis. A fourth set of theories links privatization to market liberalization. Tian (2001) shows that market liberalization changes the cost-benefit balance of various forms of ownership relative to central planning. Central planning creates a situation where local government ownership is optimal because the local government has the advantage over entrepreneurs in accessing resources. As the planned economy gives way to the market economy, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship become more critical and privatization more necessary.
China’s Ownership Transformation: Process, Outcomes, Prospects by Ligang Song, Ross Garnaut, Stoyan Tenev, Yang Yeo