By Glenn H. Utter
In one quantity, crusade and Election Reform gathers a wealth of knowledge approximately earlier and current makes an attempt to reform the electoral strategy. The authors speak about such political conditions as celebration corruption, which ended in the increase of reform events, and over the top crusade donations, which led to crusade finance laws. Emphasis is put on some of the motives for persisted low voter turnout premiums and advised alterations within the electoral approach which may bring up citizen participation.Topics comprise improvement of the key poll; the electoral university and the twelfth modification; revolutionary period reforms; discrimination; gerrymandering; time period limits; poll structure reform; and accidental effects of reform. The ebook is full of evidence and information from balloting reports and contains excerpts from laws and proceedings, and the numerous critiques of political researchers and activists.
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Additional info for Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
Texas already allows those older than 65 and the disabled to vote by mail. Critics argue that the use of all-mail ballots in a state considerably larger than Oregon would open the door to extensive vote fraud opportunities. Texas, with five times as many registered voters as Oregon, could face unforeseen administrative difficulties in statewide mailed balloting. Voting Assistance Programs Concern that every eligible citizen, regardless of circumstance, have the opportunity to cast a ballot in an election led to passage Page 19 of the 1955 Federal Voting Assistance Act.
In 1989 the state legislature enacted legislation that required the most populous counties to offer extended voting hours for the final week of absentee voting. In 1991 the legislature took the final step toward early voting, allowing any eligible voter to cast an early ballot during a designated period prior to election day. In Texas early voting begins 20 days before the election and ends on the fourth day before the election. 35 While critics of early voting argue that the program increases the costs of campaigns and elections and provides greater opportunities for fraud and voter intimidation, supporters believe that the program gives more discretion to voters, thus encouraging higher levels of turnout.
The Electoral College The electoral college has come under severe criticism and is a favorite focus for reform proposals. Critics argue that the system for electing the president represents an eighteenth-century device that fails to meet the needs of a modern governing system. During an era in which democratic principles prevail, the United States still allows the most powerful political official in the world to be selected via the creaking machinery of the electoral college. Not since 1804, when the Twelfth Amendment provided for separate ballots for president and vice president, has the presidential election system been formally modified, although informal modifications have occurred.
Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues) by Glenn H. Utter