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Therefore, the female brain acts much like the male brain. The male brain may be subject to more cognitive disorders, schizophrenia, or autism if the X chromosome has defects. What about speech and reading? Could there be an effect if a boy’s X chromosome is damaged? Researchers in the United Kingdom analyzed several studies and came to the following conclusion: boys have more reading problems than girls (Clark & Burke, 2012). Although this conclusion has also been debated, it appears to make sense: since boy brains and girl brains are different from the beginning, the approach they take toward speech and language may also vary.

Tex V2 - 01/31/2013 Language Development Mirror Neurons One of the most exciting discoveries in the brain sciences in the past decade has been that of mirror neurons. If you ever wonder why you yawn when you see someone else do it, mirror neurons are the reason. These brain cells mirror the connections going on in the brain of those you watch and listen to. In 1995, quite inadvertently, some researchers in Italy were monitoring what was going on in the brains of monkeys as they reached for something (Iacoboni, 2009).

This cross talk is not interference; it is actually a communication in which one hemisphere does its job and then information flows to the other hemisphere to function in another way. The information flows through the band of fibers called the corpus callosum. This structure is immature at birth, and its growth is encouraged through the communication of the hemispheres. Think of the corpus callosum as a path in the woods that has not yet been traveled enough to have the weeds and debris removed. When you travel this path, you must push the branches of bushes aside and perhaps kick away a few rocks.

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Brain Facts A Primer on the Brain and Nervous System - The Society for Neuroscience by The Society for Neuroscience

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