Read e-book online Bahrain PDF

By Federal Research Division

ISBN-10: 1419108743

ISBN-13: 9781419108747

Bahrain's courting with Qatar is long-standing. After the Al Khalifa conquered Bahrain in 1783 from their base in Qatar, Bahrain turned the Al Khalifa seat. for this reason, tribal components closing in Qatar sought to say their autonomy from the Al Khalifa. hence, within the early 19th century, Qatar used to be the scene of numerous conflicts concerning the Al Khalifa and their competitors, the Al Thani, in addition to a variety of outsiders, together with Iranians, Omanis, Wahhabis, and Ottomans. while the British East India corporation in 1820 signed the overall Treaty of Peace with the shaykhs of the realm designed to finish piracy, the treaty thought of Qatar a dependency of Bahrain.

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Such arrangements helped to put tribal alliances into more concrete terms of landownership. This meant that the Al Nuhayyan of Abu Dhabi, for example, not only commanded the respect of tribes in the hinterland but also owned, as it were, the land that those tribes used—in this case, about 72,000 square kilometers of Arabia. Controlling, or owning, land became more important with the discovery of oil. When oil companies came to explore for oil, they looked for the “owner” of the land; in accordance with British treaties, they went to the area's leading families and agreed to pay fees to the heads of these families.

This meant that the Al Nuhayyan of Abu Dhabi, for example, not only commanded the respect of tribes in the hinterland but also owned, as it were, the land that those tribes used—in this case, about 72,000 square kilometers of Arabia. Controlling, or owning, land became more important with the discovery of oil. When oil companies came to explore for oil, they looked for the “owner” of the land; in accordance with British treaties, they went to the area's leading families and agreed to pay fees to the heads of these families.

In Iran, pilgrimage sites include the tomb of the Eighth Imam in Mashhad and that of his sister in Qom. Such pilgrimages originated in part from the difficulty and the expense of making the hajj to Mecca in the early days. In commemoration of the martyrdom of Husayn, killed near Karbala in 680 during a battle with troops supporting the Umayyad caliph, processions are held in the Shia towns and villages of southern Iraq on the tenth day of Muharram (Ashura), the anniversary of his death. Ritual mourning (taaziya) is performed by groups of five to twenty men each.

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Bahrain by Federal Research Division


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