By Murray, Stuart
Autism is the 1st publication at the that seeks to mix scientific, ancient and cultural ways to an figuring out of the . Its goal is to provide a rounded portrayal of the ways that autism is at present represented on the planet, It specializes in 3 large parts: the proof of clinical learn, together with new rules surrounding examine into genetics and neuroscience, in addition to the main points of prognosis and remedy; the heritage of the because it built via psychiatric techniques to the increase of father or mother institutions, neurodiversity and autism advocacy; and the fictitious and media narratives in which it really is more and more expressed within the modern second. available and written in transparent English, Autism is designed for scholar audiences in English, incapacity experiences, Cultural reviews, historical past, Sociology, and drugs and overall healthiness, in addition to scientific practitioners and the overall reader. Autism is a situation surrounded via false impression and infrequently outlined through contestation and argument. the aim of this e-book is to deliver readability to the topic of autism around the complete diversity of its manifestations.
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Additional info for Autism
In terms of fictional characters who might be autistic or have Asperger’s Syndrome, claims have been made for figures in the work of William Wordsworth, Herman Melville, Charles Dickens, Joseph Conrad, Arthur Conan Doyle, and William Faulkner (Brown 2010; Fitzgerald 2004; Fitzgerald 2005). The issues involved in talking about autism before the middle of the twentieth century are clearly complex. The lack of consensus surrounding the origins and forms of the condition, as established in Part I, are obviously multiplied many times over when it comes to the consideration of time periods that lack any kind of specific clinical definition.
What would it look like and how might we recognize it? The terminology that has made the condition visible is very contemporary, so how would the linguistic and narrative conventions that pre-date these possibly suggest any idea of autistic presence? These are questions that necessarily invite guesswork. Writers on autism have identified case studies from the past in which individuals have been described in terms that seem, to our eyes and with our knowledge, to suggest that they had the condition.
In the ways in which idiocy developed as a distinct manifestation of intellectual impairment, we can see how it heralded ideas that would become part of later definitions of autism. Halliwell cites an 1897 account of ‘the idiot’ by Frederic Bateman, a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, in which he observes the following: An idiot is a human being who possesses the tripartite nature of man—body, soul and spirit . . but who is the subject of an infirmity consisting, anatomically, of a defective organization and want of development of the brain, resulting in an inability, more or less complete, for the exercise of the intellectual, moral and sensitive faculties.
Autism by Murray, Stuart