Download e-book for kindle: Applied Data-Centric Social Sciences: Concepts, Data, by Aki-Hiro Sato

By Aki-Hiro Sato

ISBN-10: 4431549730

ISBN-13: 9784431549734

ISBN-10: 4431549749

ISBN-13: 9784431549741

Applied data-centric social sciences goal to advance either technique and useful purposes of varied fields of social sciences and companies with wealthy info. particularly, within the social sciences, an enormous quantity of knowledge on human actions might be necessary for knowing collective human nature. during this publication, the writer introduces a number of mathematical concepts for dealing with an incredible quantity of knowledge and analysing collective human behaviour. The e-book is produced from data-oriented research, with mathematical equipment and expressions used for facing information for numerous particular difficulties. the basic philosophy underlying the booklet is that either mathematical and actual techniques are decided via the needs of information research. This philosophy is proven all through exemplar stories of numerous fields in socio-economic structures. From a data-centric viewpoint, the writer proposes an idea which can swap people’s minds and make them begin pondering from the foundation of knowledge. a number of objectives underlie the chapters of the publication. the 1st is to explain mathematical and statistical equipment for information research, and towards that finish the writer delineates equipment with real information in every one bankruptcy. the second one is to discover a cyber-physical hyperlink among info and data-generating mechanisms, as information are constantly supplied via a few form of data-generating technique within the actual global. The 3rd target is to supply an impetus for the strategies and method set forth during this booklet to be utilized to socio-economic systems.

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This view is referred to as “cultural evolution”. 34 1 Introduction Fig. 14 Conceptual illustration of business cycles. A business cycle consists of four phases: construction, development, saturation, and destruction. 6 What is Collective Behaviour? According to “The Theory of Economic Development” by Schumpeter [180], our modern capitalistic society creates business cycles, or boom-and-bust cycles. A cycle consists of expansion occurring at the same time in many economic activities. Business cycles may vary from more than one year to 10 or 12 years.

4 Concept 31 The PDF p(x t | yt ) on the left hand side describes a conditional probability distribution of the state variables under the observations yt . 8) and the dynamics f is linear ( f (x t , t) = H t x t ), then we can estimate the state variables x t by using x t,est = x t,b + V H tT (H t V H tT + R)−1 ( yt − H t x t,b ). This is referred to as optimal interpolation (OI) [44, 45]. The third method is a KF algorithm [108]. The KF equations describe the time evolution of both the mean and the covariance.

Specifically, researchers in the fields of sociology, economics, informatics, and physics are focusing on these frontiers and have launched data-driven investigation for our society in order to understand the complexity of socioeconomic-technological systems. This is an inductive approach from facts to wisdom. However, since our society which is the sum total of both internal and external states of individuals, is several orders of magnitude more complicated than each individual, it appears to be difficult to image how we can manage to capture the real totality of the state of society from the cooperation of many agencies.

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Applied Data-Centric Social Sciences: Concepts, Data, Computation, and Theory by Aki-Hiro Sato

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