Read e-book online Applied and Fundamental Aspects of Plant Cell, Tissue, and PDF

By D. J. Heinz, M. Krishnamurthi, L. G. Nickell (auth.), Professor Dr Jakob Reinert, Professor Dr Yashpal P. Singh Bajaj (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3662022796

ISBN-13: 9783662022795

ISBN-10: 3662022818

ISBN-13: 9783662022818

Progress within the box of plant cellphone and tissue tradition has made this sector of analysis the most dynamic and promising not just in plant body structure, phone biology and genetics but additionally in agriculture, forestry, horticulture and undefined. reports with plant mobile cultures essentially have bearing upon a number of difficulties as but unsolved in easy and utilized examine. This was once the compelling cause of assembling one of these accomplished resource of knowledge to stimulate scholars, academics, and study employees. This publication includes 34 articles on regeneration of crops, vegetative propagation and cloning; haploids; cytology, cytogenetics and plant breeding; protoplasts, somatic hybridization and genetic engineering; plant pathology; secondary items and a bankruptcy on isoenzymes, radiobiology, and cryobiology of plant cells. specific awareness has been paid to fashionable , fast-growing and engaging disciplines - e.g. the induction of haploids, somatic hybridization and genetic manipulation by means of protoplast tradition, which own an important capability for plant improvement.

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1974), demonstrated the feasibility of using most parts of the adult flowering plant, including receptacle and tissue from the ligulate floret as the source of explants. The potential in rapid multiplication of a new mutant or a newly bred variety for earlier introduction to the market was demonstrated and localised mutations in florets may be utilised if cultured at an early stage. The chimeral nature of many cultivars of Chrysanthemum and other ornamentals, suggests that the technique may not be 100% successful, even though cultures derived from ligulate florets of the cultivars White Fred Shoesmith and Woking Scarlet, produced uniform plants, flowering true to type.

The presence or absence of a particular protein or enzyme. Undoubtedly there are a number of characteristics which could be identified for selection at the cellular level. Ultimately, however, identified variants will need to be tested for yield potential, including such characteristics as sucrose content, fiber, ash, starch, and acceptability for milling. Selection at the cellular level should provide a basis for improvement of specific high-yielding clones, deficient in one or two characteristics.

By proper handling of the germplasm pool through breeding, the frequency of desired characteristics can be increased rapidly. No particular advantage is derived from propagation by tissue culture unless pressure for selection can be directed toward one particular characteristic such as has been done in the case of eyes pot, Cell, Tissue and Organ Cult~re in Sugarcane Improvement 17 Fiji, and downy mildew diseases. The problems arising from the identification of disease- and pest-resistant clones that are also high-yielding are similar, whether selecting from subclones derived from callus or from clones obtained by conventional breeding techniques.

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Applied and Fundamental Aspects of Plant Cell, Tissue, and Organ Culture by D. J. Heinz, M. Krishnamurthi, L. G. Nickell (auth.), Professor Dr Jakob Reinert, Professor Dr Yashpal P. Singh Bajaj (eds.)

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