By Herbert H P Fang, Tong Zhang
Environmental security and source restoration are an important concerns dealing with our society within the twenty first century. Anaerobic biotechnology has turn into broadly accredited by way of the wastewater because the higher substitute to the extra traditional yet expensive cardio strategy and tens of hundreds of thousands of full-scale amenities utilizing this expertise were put in all over the world some time past decades.
Anaerobic Biotechnology is the sequel to the well-received Environmental Anaerobic expertise: purposes and New Developments (2010) and compiles advancements over the last 5 years. This quantity includes contributions from forty eight well known specialists from internationally, together with Gatze Lettinga, laureate of the 2007 Tyler Prize and the 2009 Lee Kuan Yew Water Prize, and Perry McCarty, whose pioneering paintings laid the principles for contemporary anaerobic biotechnology. This e-book is perfect for engineers and scientists operating within the box, in addition to decision-makers on power and environmental policies.
Readership: educational learn & execs.
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Extra resources for Anaerobic Biotechnology: Environmental Protection and Resource Recovery
P. R. (2012) Promoting direct interspecies electron transfer with activated carbon. Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8982–8989. Luo, G. and Angelidaki, I. (2013) Hollow fiber membrane based H2 diffusion for efficient in situ biogas upgrading in an anaerobic reactor. Appl. Microbiol. Biot. 97(8), 3739–3744. , Monroy, O. T. (2011) Multiple syntrophic interactions in a terephthalate-degrading methanogenic consortium. ISME J. 5(1), 122–130. S. D. (2012) Electrosynthesis of commodity chemicals by an autotrophic microbial community.
13 14 Y. Kamagata 2. Anaerobic Food Web and Syntrophy A diverse array of microorganisms in AD processes are involved in the decomposition of organic materials to produce methane. The process of biodegradation and methanogenesis is characterized by its “food web” system. This can be exemplified by the conversion of glucose to methane. Glucose is an easily metabolizable substrate that most “aerobic” organisms completely oxidize into H2O and CO2. In this process, plenty of energy can be gained in a single organism.
This method of isolation is called “lawn culture”, meaning that an excess of H2-consuming organism cells are used as background to scavenge H2 generated by syntrophs. 1). As to “pure culture”, many syntrophs were found to grow in pure culture when appropriate substrates were provided. For instance, crotonate supports the growth of S. wolfei, Syntrophus buswellii, Syntrophothermus lipocalidus and Pelotomaculum terephthalicum in pure culture, and pyruvate supports the growth of S. 1). These results implicate that in many cases, syntrophs are not in a syntrophic association and thus are sometimes referred to as “facultative syntrophs”, whereas the syntrophs that are strictly dependent on H2-consuming partners for their growth are referred to as “obligate syntrophs”.
Anaerobic Biotechnology: Environmental Protection and Resource Recovery by Herbert H P Fang, Tong Zhang