By Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull
A brand new around of fortification construction started within the usa and its out of the country territories within the late-19th century, which benefited from the most recent know-how and the rise in America's world wide monetary stature. This publication offers a concise creation to the layout, improvement and function of yank coastal defenses within the "modern" interval (1885-1950), a interval outlined via concrete, metal, and strong breech-loading rifles. choked with interval and modern day photographs of the fortifications, and written through a number one professional, it covers the emplacements, weaponry, apparatus, and folks that defended their nation in occasions of serious swap and uncertainty.
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Extra resources for American coastal defenses 1885-1950
The sum of the available means may be estimated in a measure, as it depends (although not entirely) upon numbers; but the strength of volition is more difficult to determine, and can only be estimated to a certain extent by the strength of the motives. 48 Granted we have obtained in this way an approximation to the strength of the power to be contended with, we can then take of our own means, and either increase them so as to obtain a preponderance, or, in case we have not the resources to effect this, then do our best by increasing our means as far as possible.
This is the way in which the matter must be viewed and it is to no purpose, it is even against one's own interest, to turn away from the consideration of the real nature of the affair because the horror of its elements excites repugnance. If the Wars of civilised people are less cruel and destructive than those of savages, the difference arises from the social condition both of States in themselves and in their relations to each other. Out of this social condition and its relations War arises, and by it War is subjected to conditions, is controlled and modified.
The invention of gunpowder, the constant progress of improvements in the construction of firearms, are sufficient proofs that the tendency to destroy the adversary which lies at the bottom of the conception of War is in no way changed or modified through the progress of civilisation. We therefore repeat our proposition, that War is an act of violence pushed to its utmost bounds; as one side dictates the law to the other, there arises a sort of reciprocal action, which logically must lead to an extreme.
American coastal defenses 1885-1950 by Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull