By David J. Lonsdale
This publication bargains a strategic research of 1 of the main awesome army careers in heritage, opting for the main pertinent strategic classes from the campaigns of Alexander the nice. David Lonsdale argues that because the middle rules of method are everlasting, the learn and research of old examples have price to the trendy theorist and practitioner. in addition, as technique is so complicated and hard, the outstanding occupation of Alexander offers the precise chance to appreciate top perform in procedure, as he completed notable and non-stop good fortune around the spectrum of battle, in quite a few situations and environments. This e-book provides the 13 so much pertinent classes that may be discovered from his campaigns, dividing them into 3 different types: grand method, army operations, and use of strength. each one of those different types offers classes pertinent to the fashionable strategic surroundings. finally, even though, the publication argues that the dominant think about his luck was once Alexander himself, and that it was once his personal features as a strategist that allowed him to beat the complexities of process and attain his expansive objectives.
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Additional info for Alexander the Great: Lessons in Strategy (Strategy and History)
He concludes that, whilst landowning men of leisure 26 Ancient Greek warfare did make up some of the hoplite force, many of the soldiers were working-class farmers. The significance of this is that whilst the wealthy landowner could afford the entire panoply of bronze armour, many of the hoplites would simply wear a cloth cuirass and felt pilos. In fact, in terms of uniform and equipment it appears that a hoplite force would not have presented a homogeneous group. 14 As noted, over time the hoplite became an increasingly lighter form of infantry.
The phalanx would sometimes advance at the double as it came within range of the enemy’s missile forces. Of course, unless well disciplined and well trained, this increase in pace could well reduce the cohesion of the formation. However, as the two phalanxes closed 30 Ancient Greek warfare with each other they would normally reduce their pace back to a walk. 37 It is at the point of contact that there exists some confusion over how the hoplites initially engaged one another. The confusion concerns whether the initial blows were delivered with the spear held in an underarm or overarm position.
The confusion concerns whether the initial blows were delivered with the spear held in an underarm or overarm position. 38 This fits the recorded evidence of the injuries hoplites suffered, and also reflects images depicted on a number of contemporary vases. However, if this were the case one has to ask the question: if combat involves stabbing down at an opponent, why advance with the spear in underarm fashion? The answer to the above dilemma may be that the front rank used their spears in an overhand fashion to stab down at their opponents, whilst the next two or three ranks created the shock collision with spears held underarm.
Alexander the Great: Lessons in Strategy (Strategy and History) by David J. Lonsdale