By Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie
AIDS epidemics proceed to threaten the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 a long time after the disorder used to be first famous, the once a year demise toll from AIDS exceeds that from wars, famine and floods mixed. but regardless of thousands of greenbacks of relief and learn, there has formerly been little specified on-the-ground research of the multifaceted affects on rural humans. Filling that hole, this booklet brings jointly fresh proof of AIDS affects on rural families, livelihoods, and agricultural perform in sub-Saharan Africa. there's specific emphasis at the position of ladies in affected families, and at the state of affairs of kids. The e-book is exclusive in providing micro-level details accumulated via unique empirical examine in a number of African international locations, and displaying how well-grounded conclusions on traits, affects and native responses will be utilized to the layout of HIV-responsive rules and programmes. AIDS affects are extra varied than we formerly notion, and native responses extra assorted - occasionally leading edge, occasionally determined. The e-book represents a massive contribution to our figuring out of the affects of AIDS within the epidemic's heartland, and the way those could be controlled at diversified degrees.
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Additional info for AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa
The act of monitoring has included observation – specifically yearly visits to the village to assess what is going on and to discuss with the villagers the changes (both positive and negative) they are experiencing. Our aim has generally been to trace how households afflicted by AIDS adapt to the impact of the epidemic but also to assess whether such households do actually recover from the impact. By looking at a very limited number of households and individuals, we are not looking for generalizable trends.
While the farm that the children inherited is not inhabited, some members of the extended family are using it to raise annual crops, the main objective being that it should not be left to turn into a bush. Whenever either of the orphans is ready to occupy it, he or she will find the farm in fair condition. The case study just presented illustrates one frequent outcome for a household when both parents die leaving behind young children. The most telling aspects of this case are, first, the determined intervention of the extended family members to re-capitalize and stabilize the business of the children’s uncle to whom they are most dependent.
Case 3: Nyakato’s household between 1988 and 2009 1987–1993 The year is 1987 and Nyakato’s polygamous husband’s health begins to deteriorate. He is in and out of hospital. His business – two retail shops – has nobody to care for them and they are finally closed in early 1988. He dies in October of that year. Each of his wives lived in a different village about 5km apart. Upon the death of the husband, Nyakato just like her co-wife, kept her children, the farm land and the livestock that had been under her care before her husband’s death.
AIDS and Rural Livelihoods: Dynamics and Diversity in sub-Saharan Africa by Anke Niehof, Gabriel Rugalema, Stuart Gillespie