Steven Runciman's A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of PDF

By Steven Runciman

ISBN-10: 0521061628

ISBN-13: 9780521061629

Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A heritage of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English historic writing, is now being reissued. This quantity describes the Frankish states of Outremer from the accession of King Baldwin I to the re-conquest of Jerusalem by means of Saladin. As Runciman says in his preface, 'The politics of the Moslem global within the early twelfth-century defy user-friendly research, yet they need to be understood if we're to appreciate the institution of the Crusader states and the later factors of the restoration of Islam ... the most topic during this quantity is conflict ... i've got the instance of the outdated chroniclers, who knew their enterprise; for struggle used to be the history to lifestyles in Outremer and the dangers of the battlefield frequently determined its destiny.'

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As the Crusaders surged on in disorder, the Turks sprang out on them and surrounded them. There was no time to reform ranks. Panic spread through the Christian army. Horsemen and infantry were mixed in a dreadful stampede; and as they stumbled in their attempt to flee they were slaughtered by the enemy. The Duke of Aquitaine, followed by one of his grooms, cut his way out and rode into the mountains. After many days of wandering through the passes he found his way to Tarsus. Hugh of V ermandois was badly wounded in the battle; but some of his men rescued him and he too reached Tarsus.

M, p. 36. I 1 34 1102: The Malevolence of Bishop Manasses Such actions did not please the Emperor Alexius. He had already been angered by the exile of the Greek Patriarch of Antioch,John the Oxite, and by the news that all the higher Greek clergy were now being dismissed and replaced by Latins. Early in I I02 he received a letter from King Baldwin, who had heard the rumour that Byzantine non-co-operation had helped to wreck the Crusades of IIOI, and who wrote to beg the Emperor to give his full support to any subsequent Crusade.

Almost at once the Byzantine navy cut off his communications with Italy and blockaded the coast. Then, early next spring, the main Byzantine army closed in round him. As the summer came on, dysentery, malaria and famine weakened the Normans; while Alexius broke their morale by spreading rumours and sending forged letters to 1 Orderic Vitalis, XI, vol. IV, pp. 2ID-I3; Suger, Vita Ludovici, pp. 29-30; Chronicon S. Maxentii, p. 423; Chronicon Vindocinense, pp. I6I-2; William of Tyre, XI, I, p. 450; Anna Comnena, XII, i, I, vol.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100-1187 by Steven Runciman

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