By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A background of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English ancient writing, is now being reissued. during this ultimate quantity, Runciman examines the revival of the Frankish state on the time of the 3rd campaign until eventually its cave in a century later. The interwoven topics of the publication comprise: Christiandom, the alternative of the aesthetic Ayubites by way of the fewer sympathetic Mameluks as chief of the Moslem international, and the arriving of the Mongols. He features a bankruptcy on structure and the humanities, and an epilogue at the final manifestations of the Crusading spirit.
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Extra info for A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades
151 (which gives her daughters' names as Alice and Maria); Ernoul, p. 267 (who says that she had four children); Ambroise, col. 104. Ambroise dates her death the end of August, while one manuscript of Ernoul gives 15 July. She was mentioned as living in a charter given at Acre in September II90, but as dead in aletter of 21 October (Epistolae Cantuarenses, pp. 228~). Rohricht, Regesta, Addimentum, p. 67, says that she died about I October ugo. 1 2 JO 1190: Marriage of Conrad and Isabella amenable.
Leopold of Austria's arrival with a party of Rhinelanders from Venice is given by Ansbert, Expeditio Friderici, pp. 96-7. He had wintered at Zara. He was the son of Frederick Barbarossa's half-brother, Henry of Austria, and ofTheodora Comnena. 32 1191: Famine in the Frankish Camp his life was despaired of. 1 Many of the soldiers, especially the English, blamed Conrad for their misery, because he was dallying at Tyre and refused to come to their aid. But, whatever his motive may have been, it is hard to see what else he could have done; the camp was sufficiently crowded without him!
15477; Ambroise, cols. 14-32 (both strongly favourable to Richard); Benedict of Peterborough, n, pp. 126-6o (the fullest account and a little more objective}; Rigord, pp. 1) (implying that Philip was eager to go on with the Crusade while Richard made difficulties). See Chalandon, op. dt. u, pp. 435-42· Richard's interview withJoachim ofFiore is given by Benedict (n, pp. 151-5), apparendy based on information by someone who was present. 1191: The English Fleet arrives off Cyprus four days later the Cardinal of Santa Maria in Cosmedin was consecrated as Celestine III.
A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades by Steven Runciman